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Volume 30, Number 5 / May, 2004

Editorial

Excessive antimicrobial usage causes measurable harm to patients with suspected ventilator-associated pneumonia

Victor L. Yu, Nina Singh
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Variation in intensive care unit outcomes by day of week: no weak-end

Chaim M. Bell, Damon C. Scales
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Cerebral arterial gas embolism: should we hyperventilate these patients?

C.-M. Muth, E. S. Shank
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Breath by breath, spontaneously or mechanically supported: lessons from biphasic positive airway pressure (BIPAP)

Enrico Calzia, Thomas Bein
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How are children mechanically ventilated in pediatric intensive care units?

Adrienne G. Randolph
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Review

Stress-hyperglycemia, insulin and immunomodulation in sepsis

Paul E. Marik, Murugan Raghavan
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Application of therapeutic hypothermia in the intensive care unit

Kees H. Polderman
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ESICM Statement

Challenges in end-of-life care in the ICU

Jean Carlet, Lambertus G. Thijs, Massimo Antonelli, Joan Cassell, Peter Cox, Nicholas Hill, Charles Hinds, Jorge Manuel Pimentel, Konrad Reinhart, Boyd Taylor Thompson
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Original

Severe traumatic head injury in adults: Which patients are at risk of early hyperthermia?

Arnaud Geffroy, Régis Bronchard, Paul Merckx, Pierre-François Seince, Thierry Faillot, Pierre Albaladejo, Jean Marty
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Effect of cerebral perfusion pressure augmentation with dopamine and norepinephrine on global and focal brain oxygenation after traumatic brain injury

Andrew J. Johnston, Luzius A. Steiner, Doris A. Chatfield, Jonathan P. Coles, Peter J. Hutchinson, Pippa G. Al-Rawi, David K. Menon, Arun K. Gupta
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Glycemic control in the ICU: a multicenter survey

Joseph McMullin, Jan Brozek, Roman Jaeschke, Cindy Hamielec, Vinay Dhingra, Graeme Rocker, Andreas Freitag, James Gibson, Deborah Cook
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Standardization of intravenous insulin therapy improves the efficiency and safety of blood glucose control in critically ill adults

Salmaan Kanji, Avinder Singh, Michael Tierney, Hilary Meggison, Lauralyn McIntyre, Paul C. Hebert
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Body temperature alterations in the critically ill

Daliana Peres Bota, Flavio Lopes Ferreira, Christian Mélot, Jean Louis Vincent
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Transpulmonary lactate gradient after hypothermic cardiopulmonary bypass

Karim Bendjelid, Miriam M. Treggiari, Jacques-Andre Romand
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Prevalence of intra-abdominal hypertension in critically ill patients: a multicentre epidemiological study

Manu L. N. G. Malbrain, Davide Chiumello, Paolo Pelosi, Alexander Wilmer, Nicola Brienza, Vincenzo Malcangi, David Bihari, Richard Innes, Jonathan Cohen, Pierre Singer, Andre Japiassu, Elizabeth Kurtop, Bart L. De Keulenaer, Ronny Daelemans, Monica Del Turco, P. Cosimini, Marco Ranieri, Luc Jacquet, Pierre-François Laterre, Luciano Gattinoni
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A prospective, blinded evaluation of indexes proposed to predict weaning from mechanical ventilation

Giorgio Conti, Luca Montini, Mariano Alberto Pennisi, Franco Cavaliere, Andrea Arcangeli, Maria Grazia Bocci, Rodolfo Proietti, Massimo Antonelli
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Prevention of intravascular catheter-related infection with newer chlorhexidine-silver sulfadiazine-coated catheters: a randomized controlled trial

Christian Brun-Buisson, Françoise Doyon, Jean-Pierre Sollet, Jean-François Cochard, Yves Cohen, Gérard Nitenberg
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Value of the clinical pulmonary infection score for the identification and management of ventilator-associated pneumonia

Charles-Edouard Luyt, Jean Chastre, Jean-Yves Fagon
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Diagnosis of ventilator-associated pneumonia: agreement between quantitative cultures of endotracheal aspiration and plugged telescoping catheter

Souheil Elatrous, Riadh Boukef, Lamia Ouanes Besbes, Soudani Marghli, Sami Nooman, Semir Nouira, Fekri Abroug
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Characteristics and outcomes of HIV-infected patients in the ICU: impact of the highly active antiretroviral treatment era

Benoît Vincent, Jean-François Timsit, Marc Auburtin, Frédérique Schortgen, Lila Bouadma, Michel Wolff, Bernard Regnier
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Increased diffusion of soluble adhesion molecules in meningitis, severe sepsis and systemic inflammatory response without neurological infection is associated with intrathecal shedding in cases of meningitis

Bruno Mégarbane, Philippe Marchal, Anne Marfaing-Koka, Olivier Belliard, Frédéric Jacobs, Isabelle Chary, François G. Brivet
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Non-invasive negative and positive pressure ventilation in the treatment of acute on chronic respiratory failure

Massimo Gorini, Roberta Ginanni, Giuseppe Villella, Donatella Tozzi, Annike Augustynen, Antonio Corrado
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Noninvasive continuous positive airway pressure in elderly cardiogenic pulmonary edema patients

Erwan L’Her, Françoise Duquesne, Emmanuelle Girou, Xavier Donin de Rosiere, Philippe Le Conte, Serge Renault, Jean-Paul Allamy, Jean-Michel Boles
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Myocardial redox state during coronary artery bypass grafting assessed with microdialysis

Ludger Bahlmann, Martin Misfeld, Stephan Klaus, Alexander Leptien, Matthias Heringlake, Peter Schmucker, Hans-Hinrich Sievers, Urban Ungerstedt, Ernst-Guenther Kraatz
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Hospital mortality associated with day and time of admission to intensive care units

Hannah Wunsch, James Mapstone, Tony Brady, Rosa Hanks, Kathryn Rowan
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Citation classics in critical care medicine

Anja Baltussen, Christoph H. Kindler
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Hidden evidence to the West: multicentre, randomised, controlled trials in sepsis and systemic inflammatory response syndrome in Japanese journals

Rinaldo Bellomo, Shigehiko Uchino, Toshio Naka, Li Wan
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Neonatal and Pediatric Intensive Care

What is the daily practice of mechanical ventilation in pediatric intensive care units? A multicenter study

J. A. Farias, F. Frutos, A. Esteban, J. Casado Flores, A. Retta, A. Baltodano, I. Alía, T. Hatzis, F. Olazarri, A. Petros, M. Johnson
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Neonatal and Paediatric Intensive Care

Advantages and disadvantages of different nasal CPAP systems in newborns

V. Buettiker, M. I. Hug, O. Baenziger, C. Meyer, B. Frey
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Transaminase levels in ventilated children with respiratory syncytial virus bronchiolitis

Michael Eisenhut, Kentigern Thorburn, Tageldin Ahmed
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Experimental

Ventilation with biphasic positive airway pressure in experimental lung injury

Dietrich Henzler, Rolf Dembinski, Ralf Bensberg, Nadine Hochhausen, Rolf Rossaint, Ralf Kuhlen
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Hyperventilation impairs brain function in acute cerebral air embolism in pigs

Robert A. van Hulst, Jack J. Haitsma, Thomas W. Lameris, Jan Klein, Burkhard Lachmann
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Correspondence

A blind clinical evaluation committee should, in theory, make data of a randomized clinical trial stronger, not weaker

J. Carlet
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A blind clinical evaluation committee should, in theory, make data of a randomized clinical trial stronger, not weaker

J. F. Dhainaut, W. L. Macias, D. R. Nelson
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Experimental

Rosiglitazone, a ligand of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma, reduces acute pancreatitis induced by cerulein

Salvatore Cuzzocrea, Barbara Pisano, Laura Dugo, Angela Ianaro, Domenico Britti, Nimesh S. A. Patel, Rosanna Di Paola, Tiziana Genovese, Massimo Di Rosa, Achille P. Caputi, Christoph Thiemermann
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HMR1402, a potassium ATP channel blocker during hyperdynamic porcine endotoxemia: effects on hepato-splanchnic oxygen exchange and metabolism

Pierre Asfar, Zsolt Iványi, Hendrik Bracht, Balázs Hauser, Antje Pittner, Damian Vassilev, Marek Nalos, Xavier Maurice Leverve, Uwe Bernd Brückner, Peter Radermacher, Gebhard Fröba
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Brief Report

Predictive factors of intensive care unit admission in patients with haematological malignancies and pneumonia

Didier Gruson, Frederic Vargas, Gilles Hilbert, Nam Bui, Thierry Maillot, Thierry Mayet, Odile Pillet, Genevieve Chene, Georges Gbikpi-Benissan
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Persistence of candiduria in ICU catheterized patients is not linked to adherence and proteolytic activities of Candida strains

Halis Akalın, Beyza Ener, Ferda Kahveci, Sevim Akçağlar, Şaban Gürcan, Okan Töre
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Steady-state plasma and intrapulmonary concentrations of piperacillin/tazobactam 4 g/0.5 g administered to critically ill patients with severe nosocomial pneumonia

Emmanuel Boselli, Dominique Breilh, Maxime Cannesson, Fabien Xuereb, Thomas Rimmelé, Dominique Chassard, Marie-Claude Saux, Bernard Allaouchiche
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Plasmatic cystatin C for the estimation of glomerular filtration rate in intensive care units

Pierre Delanaye, Bernard Lambermont, Jean-Paul Chapelle, Jacques Gielen, Paul Gerard, Georges Rorive
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Survey of the use of catecholamines by French physicians

Marc Leone, Benoit Vallet, Jean-Louis Teboul, Joachim Mateo, Olivier Bastien, Claude Martin
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Plasma and lung concentrations of ceftazidime administered in continuous infusion to critically ill patients with severe nosocomial pneumonia

Emmanuel Boselli, Dominique Breilh, Thomas Rimmelé, Jean-Charles Poupelin, Marie-Claude Saux, Dominique Chassard, Bernard Allaouchiche
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Correspondence

Terlipressin in patients with septic shock: friend or foe?

M. Westphal, C. Ertmer, H. Van Aken, H.-G. Bone
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Terlipressin in patients with septic shock: friend or foe?

A. Morelli
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Ventilator-associated pneumonia: caveats for benchmarking

J. E. Tulleken, J. G. Zijlstra, J. J. M. Ligtenberg, R. Spanjersberg, T. S. van der Werf
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Reply to letter by Tulleken et al.

P. Eggimann, S. Hugonnet, H. Sax, J.-C. Chevrolet, D. Pittet
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Effectiveness of cycling-off during pressure support ventilation

F. Mojoli, A. Braschi
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Effectiveness of cycling-off during pressure support ventilation: a reply

G. Prinianakis, E. Kondili, D. Georgopoulos
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Pressure-volume curve patterns in ARDS patients

David Pestaña
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Pressure-volume curve patterns in ARDS patients—authors’ reply

Antoine Vieillard-Baron, François Jardin
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Announcements

May 2004

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