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Tailored multicomponent program for discomfort reduction in critically ill patients may decrease post-traumatic stress disorder in general ICU survivors at 1 year

Pierre Kalfon| Marine Alessandrini| Mohamed Boucekine| Stéphanie Renoult| Marie-Agnès Geantot| Stéphanie Deparis-Dusautois| Audrey Berric| Olivier Collange| Bernard Floccard| Olivier Mimoz| Amour Julien| René Robert| Juliette Audibert| Anne Renault| Arnaud Follin| Didier Thevenin| Nathalie Revel| Marion Venot| René-Gilles Patrigeon| Thomas Signouret| Mélanie Fromentin| Tarek Sharshar| Coralie Vign
Original
Volume 45, Issue 2 / February , 2019

Pages 223 - 235

Abstract

Purpose

Reducing discomfort in the intensive care unit (ICU) should have a positive effect on long-term outcomes. This study assessed whether a tailored multicomponent program for discomfort reduction was effective in reducing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms at 1 year in general ICU survivors.

Methods

This study is a prospective observational comparative effectiveness cohort study involving 30 ICUs. It was an extension of the IPREA3 study, a cluster-randomized controlled trial designed to assess the efficacy of a tailored multicomponent program to reduce discomfort in critically ill patients. The program included assessment of ICU-related self-perceived discomforts, immediate and monthly feedback to the healthcare team, and site-specific tailored interventions. The exposure was the implementation of this program. The eligible patients were exposed versus unexposed general adult ICU survivors. The prevalence of substantial PTSD symptoms at 1 year was assessed based on the Impact of Event Scale–Revised (IES-R).

Results

Of the 1537 ICU survivors included in the study, 475 unexposed patients and 344 exposed patients had follow-up data at 1 year: 57 (12.0%) and 21 (6.1%) presented with PTSD at 1 year, respectively (p = 0.004). Considering the clustering and after adjusting for age, gender, McCabe classification, and ICU-related self-perceived overall discomfort score, exposed patients were significantly less likely than unexposed patients to have substantial PTSD symptoms at 1 year (p = 0.015).

Conclusions

Implementation of a tailored multicomponent program in the ICU that has proved to be effective for reducing self-perceived discomfort in general adult ICU survivors also reduced the prevalence of substantial PTSD symptoms at 1 year.

Trial registration

ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT02762409.

Keywords

References

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