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Does this patient have delirium?

Jorge I. F. Salluh| Tarek Sharshar| John P. Kress
Understanding the Disease
Volume 43, Issue 5 / May , 2017

Pages 693 - 695

No abstract available.

References

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  2. Patel SB, Poston JT, Pohlman A, Hall JB, Kress JP (2014) Rapidly reversible, sedation-related delirium versus persistent delirium in the intensive care unit. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 189:658–665
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  3. Barr J, Fraser GL, Puntillo K, Ely EW, Gelinas C, Dasta JF, Davidson JE, Devlin JW, Kress JP, Joffe AM, Coursin DB, Herr DL, Tung A, Robinson BR, Fontaine DK, Ramsay MA, Riker RR, Sessler CN, Pun B, Skrobik Y, Jaeschke R (2013) Clinical practice guidelines for the management of pain, agitation, and delirium in adult patients in the intensive care unit. Crit Care Med 41:278–280
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  4. Zaal IJ, Devlin JW, Peelen LM, Slooter AJ (2015) A systematic review of risk factors for delirium in the ICU. Crit Care Med 43:40–47
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  5. Pandharipande P, Shintani A, Peterson J, Pun BT, Wilkinson GR, Dittus RS, Bernard GR, Ely EW (2006) Lorazepam is an independent risk factor for transitioning to delirium in intensive care unit patients. Anesthesiology 104:21–26
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  6. Riker RR, Shehabi Y, Bokesch PM, Ceraso D, Wisemandle W, Koura F, Whitten P, Margolis BD, Byrne DW, Ely EW, Rocha MG (2009) Dexmedetomidine vs midazolam for sedation of critically ill patients: a randomized trial. JAMA 301:489–499
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  7. Pandharipande PP, Pun BT, Herr DL, Maze M, Girard TD, Miller RR, Shintani AK, Thompson JL, Jackson JC, Deppen SA, Stiles RA, Dittus RS, Bernard GR, Ely EW (2007) Effect of sedation with dexmedetomidine vs lorazepam on acute brain dysfunction in mechanically ventilated patients: the MENDS randomized controlled trial. JAMA 298:2644–2653
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  8. Pandharipande PP, Sanders RD, Girard TD, McGrane S, Thompson JL, Shintani AK, Herr DL, Maze M, Ely EW (2010) Effect of dexmedetomidine versus lorazepam on outcome in patients with sepsis: an a priori-designed analysis of the MENDS randomized controlled trial. Crit Care 14:R38
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  9. Salluh JI, Wang H, Schneider EB, Nagaraja N, Yenokyan G, Damluji A, Serafim RB, Stevens RD (2015) Outcome of delirium in critically ill patients: systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ 350:h2538
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  10. Girard TD, Jackson JC, Pandharipande PP, Pun BT, Thompson JL, Shintani AK, Gordon SM, Canonico AE, Dittus RS, Bernard GR, Ely EW (2010) Delirium as a predictor of long-term cognitive impairment in survivors of critical illness. Crit Care Med 38:1513–1520
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  11. van den Boogaard M, Schoonhoven L, Maseda E, Plowright C, Jones C, Luetz A, Sackey PV, Jorens PG, Aitken LM, van Haren FM, Donders R, van der Hoeven JG, Pickkers P (2014) Recalibration of the delirium prediction model for ICU patients (PRE-DELIRIC): a multinational observational study. Intensive Care Med 40:361–369
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  13. Bergeron N, Dubois MJ, Dumont M, Dial S, Skrobik Y (2001) Intensive Care Delirium Screening Checklist: evaluation of a new screening tool. Intensive Care Med 27:859–864
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  15. Haenggi M, Blum S, Brechbuehl R, Brunello A, Jakob SM, Takala J (2013) Effect of sedation level on the prevalence of delirium when assessed with CAM-ICU and ICDSC. Intensive Care Med 39:2171–2179

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