Log in | Register

Year in review in intensive care medicine, 2004. III. Outcome, ICU organisation, scoring, quality of life, ethics, psychological problems and communication in the ICU, immunity and hemodynamics during sepsis, pediatric and neonatal critical care, experimental studiesOpen access

Peter Andrews| Elie Azoulay| Massimo Antonelli| Laurent Brochard| Christian Brun-Buisson| Geoffrey Dobb| Jean-Yves Fagon| Herwig Gerlach| Johan Groeneveld| Jordi Mancebo| Philipp Metnitz| Stefano Nava| Jerome Pugin| Michael Pinsky| Peter Radermacher| Christian Richard| Robert Tasker| Benoit Vallet
Year in Review 2004
Volume 31, Issue 3 / March , 2005

Pages 356 - 372

No abstract available.


  1. Garrouste-Orgeas M, Troche G, Azoulay E, Caubel A, de Lassence A, Cheval C, Montesino L, Thuong M, Vincent F, Cohen Y, Timsit JF (2004) Body mass index. An additional prognostic factor in ICU patients. Intensive Care Med 30:437–443
  2. Wunsch H, Mapstone J, Brady T, Hanks R, Rowan K (2004) Hospital mortality associated with day and time of admission to intensive care units. Intensive Care Med 30:895–901
  3. Harrison DA, Lertsithichai P, Brady AR, Carpenter JR, Rowan K (2004) Winter excess mortality in intensive care in the UK: an analysis of outcome adjusted for patient case mix and unit workload. Intensive Care Med 30:1900–1907
  4. Boumendil A, Maury E, Reinhard I, Luquel L, Offenstadt G, Guidet B (2004) Prognosis of patients aged 80 years and over admitted in medical intensive care unit. Intensive Care Med 30:647–654
  5. Esteban A, Anzueto A, Frutos-Vivar F, Alia I, Ely EW, Brochard L, Stewart TE, Apezteguia C, Tobin MJ, Nightingale P, Matamis D, Pimentel J, Abroug F (2004) Outcome of older patients receiving mechanical ventilation. Intensive Care Med 30:639–646
  6. Metnitz PG, Reiter A, Jordan B, Lang T (2004) More interventions do not necessarily improve outcome in critically ill patients. Intensive Care Med 30:1586–1593
  7. Goldhill DR, McNarry AF, Hadjianastassiou VG, Tekkis PP (2004) The longer patients are in hospital before Intensive Care admission the higher their mortality. Intensive Care Med 30:1908–1913
  8. Priestley G, Watson W, Rashidian A, Mozley C, Russell D, Wilson J, Cope J, Hart D, Kay D, Cowley K, Pateraki J (2004) Introducing critical care outreach: a ward-randomised trial of phased introduction in a general hospital. Intensive Care Med 30:1398–1404
  9. Wasserfallen JB, Revelly JP, Moro D, Gilliard N, Rouge J, Chiolero R (2004) Can the impact of bed closure in intensive care units be reliably monitored? Intensive Care Med 30:1134–1139
  10. Jacobs P, Rapoport J, Edbrooke D (2004) Economies of scale in British intensive care units and combined intensive care/high dependency units. Intensive Care Med 30:660–664
  11. Einav S, Soudry E, Levin PD, Grunfeld GB, Sprung CL (2004) Intensive care physicians’ attitudes concerning distribution of intensive care resources. A comparison of Israeli, North American and European cohorts. Intensive Care Med 30:1140–1143
  12. Clermont G, Kaplan V, Moreno R, Vincent JL, Linde-Zwirble W, Van Hout B, Angus DC (2004) Dynamic microsimulation to model multiple outcomes in cohorts of critically ill patients. Intensive Care Med 30:2237–2244
  13. Schellongowski P, Benesch M, Lang T, Traunmuller F, Zauner C, Laczika K, Locker GJ, Frass M, Staudinger T (2004) Comparison of three severity scores for critically ill cancer patients. Intensive Care Med 30:430–436
  14. Nimgaonkar A, Karnad DR, Sudarshan S, Ohno-Machado L, Kohane I (2004) Prediction of mortality in an Indian intensive care unit. Comparison between APACHE II and artificial neural networks. Intensive Care Med 30:248–253
  15. Gusmao Vicente F, Polito Lomar F, Melot C, Vincent JL (2004) Can the experienced ICU physician predict ICU length of stay and outcome better than less experienced colleagues? Intensive Care Med 30:655–659
  16. Pyykko AK, Ala-Kokko TI, Laurila JJ, Miettunen J, Finnberg M, Hentinen M (2004) Validation of the new Intensive Care Nursing Scoring System (ICNSS). Intensive Care Med 30:254–259
  17. Lamer C, Harboun M, Knani L, Moreau D, Tric L, LeGuillou JL, Gasquet I, Moreau T (2004) Quality of life after complicated elective surgery requiring intensive care. Intensive Care Med 30:1594–1601
  18. Kaarlola AS, Pettilä VY, Kekki P (2004) Performance of two measures of the general health-related quality of life, the EQ-5D and the RAND-36 among critically ill patients. Intensive Care Med 30:2245–2252
  19. Bucerius J, Gummert JF, Walther T, Doll N, Falk V, Schmitt DV, Mohr FW (2004) Predictors of prolonged ICU stay after on-pump versus off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting. Intensive Care Med 30:88–95
  20. Griffith L, Cook D, Hanna S, Rocker G, Sjokvist P, Dodek P, Marshall J, Levy M, Varon J, Finfer S, Jaeschke R, Buckingham L, Guyatt G (2004) Clinician discomfort with life support plans for mechanically ventilated patients. Intensive Care Med 30:1783–1790
  21. Myhren H, Ekeberg O, Langen I, Stokland O (2004) Emotional strain, communication, and satisfaction of family members in the intensive care unit compared with expectations of the medical staff: experiences from a Norwegian University Hospital. Intensive Care Med 30:1791–1798
  22. Cuthbertson BH, Hull A, Strachan M, Scott J (2004) Post-traumatic stress disorder after critical illness requiring general intensive care. Intensive Care Med 30:450–455
  23. Jones C, Skirrow P, Griffiths RD, Humphris G, Ingleby S, Eddleston J, Waldmann C, Gager M (2004) Post-traumatic stress disorder-related symptoms in relatives of patients following intensive care. Intensive Care Med 30:456–460
  24. Skrobik YK, Bergeron N, Dumont M, Gottfried SB (2004) Olanzapine vs haloperidol: treating delirium in a critical care setting. Intensive Care Med 30:444–449
  25. Woods JC, Mion LC, Connor JT, Viray F, Jahan L, Huber C, McHugh R, Gonzales JP, Stoller JK, Arroliga AC (2004) Severe agitation among ventilated medical intensive care unit patients: frequency, characteristics and outcomes. Intensive Care Med 30:1066–1072
  26. Le Conte P, Baron D, Trewick D, Touze MD, Longo C, Vial L, Yatim D, Potel G (2004) Withholding and withdrawing life-support therapy in an Emergency Department: prospective survey. Intensive Care Med 30:2216–2221
  27. Girbes AR (2004) Dying at the end of your life. Intensive Care Med 30:2143–2144
  28. Chishti AD, Shenton BK, Kirby JA, Baudouin SV (2004) Neutrophil chemotaxis and receptor expression in clinical septic shock. Intensive Care Med 30:605–611
  29. Fumeaux T, Dufour J, Stern S, Pugin J (2004) Immune monitoring of patients with septic shock by measurement of intraleukocyte cytokines. Intensive Care Med 30:2028–2037
  30. Bilbault P, Lavaux T, Lahlou A, Uring-Lambert B, Gaub MP, Ratomponirina C, Meyer N, Oudet P, Schneider F (2004) Transient Bcl-2 gene down-expression in circulating mononuclear cells of severe sepsis patients who died despite appropriate intensive care. Intensive Care Med 30:408–415
  31. Flohe S, Lendemans S, Schade FU, Kreuzfelder E, Waydhas C (2004) Influence of surgical intervention in the immune response of severely injured patients. Intensive Care Med 30:96–102
  32. Temple SE, Cheong KY, Ardlie KG, Sayer D, Waterer GW (2004) The septic shock associated HSPA1B1267 polymorphism influences production of HSPA1A and HSPA1B. Intensive Care Med 30:1761–1767
  33. Megarbane B, Marchal P, Marfaing-Koka A, Belliard O, Jacobs F, Chary I, Brivet FG (2004) Increased diffusion of soluble adhesion molecules in meningitis, severe sepsis and systemic inflammatory response without neurological infection is associated with intrathecal shedding in cases of meningitis. Intensive Care Med 30:867–874
  34. Eggers V, Fugener K, Hein OV, Rommelspacher H, Heyes MP, Kox WJ, Spies CD (2004) Antibiotic-mediated release of tumour necrosis factor alpha and norharman in patients with hospital-acquired pneumonia and septic encephalopathy. Intensive Care Med 30:1544–1551
  35. Silva E, De Backer D, Creteur J, Vincent JL (2004) Effects of fluid challenge on gastric mucosal PCO2 in septic patients. Intensive Care Med 30:423–429
  36. Farias JA, Frutos F, Esteban A, Flores JC, Retta A, Baltodano A, Alia I, Hatzis T, Olazarri F, Petros A, Johnson M (2004) What is the daily practice of mechanical ventilation in pediatric intensive care units? A multicenter study. Intensive Care Med 30:918–925
  37. Randolph AG (2004) How are children mechanically ventilated in pediatric intensive care units? Intensive Care Med 30:746–747
  38. Randolph A, Meert K, O’Neil M, Hanson J, Luckett P, Arnold J, Gedeit R, Cox P, Robert J, Venkarataraman S, Forbes P, Cheifetz I (2003) The feasibility of conducting clinical trials in infants and children with acute respiratory failure. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 167:1334–1340
    • View reference on publisher's website
  39. Buettiker V, Hug MI, Baenziger O, Meyer C, Frey B (2004) Advantages and disadvantages of different nasal CPAP systems in newborns. Intensive Care Med 30:926–930
  40. Fauroux B, Louis B, Hart N, Essouri S, Leroux K, Clement A, Polkey MI, Lofaso F (2004) The effect of back-up rate during non-invasive ventilation in young patients with cystic fibrosis. Intensive Care Med 30:673–681
  41. Piastra M, Antonelli M, Chiaretti A, Polidori G, Polidori L, Conti G (2004) Treatment of acute respiratory failure by helmet-delivered non-invasive pressure support ventilation in children with acute leukemia: a pilot study. Intensive Care Med 30:472–476
  42. Main E, Castle R, Newham D, Stocks J (2004) Respiratory physiotherapy vs. suction: the effects on respiratory function in ventilated infants and children. Intensive Care Med 30:1144–1151
  43. Main E, Stocks J (2004) The influence of physiotherapy and suction on respiratory deadspace in ventilated children. Intensive Care Med 30:1152–1159
  44. Argent AC, Morrow BM (2004) What does chest physiotherapy do to sick infants and children? Intensive Care Med 30:1014–1016
  45. Morrow BM, Futter MJ, Argent AC (2004) Endotracheal suctioning: from principles to practice. Intensive Care Med 30:1167–1174
  46. Arenas-Lopez S, Riphagen S, Tibby SM, Durward A, Tomlin S, Davies G, Murdoch IA (2004) Use of oral clonidine for sedation in ventilated paediatric intensive care patients. Intensive Care Med 30:1625–1629
  47. Ingimarsson J, Bjorklund LJ, Curstedt T, Gudmundsson S, Larsson A, Robertson B, Werner O (2004) Incomplete protection by prophylactic surfactant against the adverse effects of large lung inflations at birth in immature lambs. Intensive Care Med 30:1446–1453
  48. Riou Y, Leclerc F, Neve V, Dupuy L, Noizet O, Leteurtre S, Sadik A (2004) Reproducibility of the respiratory dead space measurements in mechanically ventilated children using the CO2SMO monitor. Intensive Care Med 30:1461–1467
  49. Markhorst DG, Van Genderingen HR, Van Vught AJ (2004) Static pressure-volume curve characteristics are moderate estimators of optimal airway pressures in a mathematical model of (primary/pulmonary) acute respiratory distress syndrome. Intensive Care Med 30:2086–2093
  50. Fidler KJ, Wilson P, Davies JC, Turner MW, Peters MJ, Klein NJ (2004) Increased incidence and severity of the systemic inflammatory response syndrome in patients deficient in mannose-binding lectin. Intensive Care Med 30:1438–1445
  51. Carcillo JA (2004) Mannose-binding lectin deficiency provides a genetic basis for the use of SIRS/sepsis definitions in critically ill patients. Intensive Care Med 30:1263–1265
  52. Bone R, Balk R, Cerra F, Dellinger R, Fein A, Knaus W, Schein R, Sibbald W (1992) Definitions for sepsis and organ failure and guidelines for the use of innovative therapies in sepsis. The ACCP/SCCM consensus conference. Chest 1010:1644–1655
  53. Pavcnik-Arnol M, Hojker S, Derganc M (2004) Lipopolysaccharide-binding protein in critically ill neonates and children with suspected infection: comparison with procalcitonin, interleukin-6, and C-reactive protein. Intensive Care Med 30:1454–1460
  54. Gulcan H, Duman N, Kumral A, Caymaz S, Gulay Z, Ozkan H (2004) Acridine-orange test in neonates with nosocomial pneumonia. Intensive Care Med 30:729
  55. Eisenhut M, Thorburn K, Ahmed T (2004) Transaminase levels in ventilated children with respiratory syncytial virus bronchiolitis. Intensive Care Med 30:931–934
  56. Tasker R, Roe M, Bloxham D, White D, Ross Russell R, O’Donnell D (2004) The neuroendocrine stress response and severity of acute respiratory syncytial virus bronchiolitis in infancy. Intensive Care Med 30:2257–2262
  57. Rodriguez-Nunez A, Fernandez-Sanmartin M, Martinon-Torres F, Gonzalez-Alonso N, Martinon-Sanchez JM (2004) Terlipressin for catecholamine-resistant septic shock in children. Intensive Care Med 30:477–480
  58. Vos GD, Nissen AC, Nieman FH, Meurs MM, van Waardenburg DA, Ramsay G, Donckerwolcke RA (2004) Comparison of interhospital pediatric intensive care transport accompanied by a referring specialist or a specialist retrieval team. Intensive Care Med 30:302–308
  59. Goh AY, El-Amin Abdel-Latif M (2004) Transport of critically ill children in a resource-limited setting: alternatives to a specialized retrieval team. Intensive Care Med 30:339
  60. Tibby SM, Correa-West J, Durward A, Ferguson L, Murdoch IA (2004) Adverse events in a paediatric intensive care unit: relationship to workload, skill mix and staff supervision. Intensive Care Med 30:1160–1166
  61. Rees G, Gledhill J, Garralda ME, Nadel S (2004) Psychiatric outcome following paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) admission: a cohort study. Intensive Care Med 30:1607–1614
  62. Cooper S, Lyall H, Walters S, Tudor-Williams G, Habibi P, de Munter C, Britto J, Nadel S (2004) Children with human immunodeficiency virus admitted to a paediatric intensive care unit in the United Kingdom over a 10-year period. Intensive Care Med 30:113–118
  63. Risch L, Fischer JE, Herklotz R, Huber AR (2004) Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia in paediatrics: clinical characteristics, therapy and outcomes. Intensive Care Med 30:1615–1624
  64. Egan JR, Lammi A, Schell DN, Gillis J, Nunn GR (2004) Recombinant activated factor VII in paediatric cardiac surgery. Intensive Care Med 30:682–685
  65. Stiller B, Lemmer J, Merkle F, Alexi-Meskishvili V, Weng Y, Hubler M, Koster A, Drews T, Lange PE, Hetzer R (2004) Consumption of blood products during mechanical circulatory support in children: comparison between ECMO and a pulsatile ventricular assist device. Intensive Care Med 30:1814–1820
  66. Siedl T, Genzel-Boroviczeny O, Abicht JM, Christ F (2004) Does red blood cell transfusion change the near infra red photoplethysmography signal in infants? Intensive Care Med 30:1602–1606
  67. Trabold F, Meyer PG, Blanot S, Carli PA, Orliaguet GA (2004) The prognostic value of transcranial Doppler studies in children with moderate and severe head injury. Intensive Care Med 30:108–112
  68. Nagdyman N, Fleck T, Barth S, Abdul-Khaliq H, Stiller B, Ewert P, Huebler M, Kuppe H, Lange PE (2004) Relation of cerebral tissue oxygenation index to central venous oxygen saturation in children. Intensive Care Med 30:468–471
  69. Pezzati M, Chiti G, Filippi L, Dani C, Rossi S, Bertini G, Rubaltelli F (2004) Central venous catheters and cardiac tamponade in preterm infants. Intensive Care Med 30:2253–2256
  70. Kuip M van der, Oosterveld MJ, van Bokhorst-de van der Schueren MA, de Meer K, Lafeber HN, Gemke RJ (2004) Nutritional support in 111 pediatric intensive care units: a European survey. Intensive Care Med 30:1807–1813
  71. Baba HA, Wohlschlaeger J, Stubbe HD, Grabellus F, Aken HV, Schmitz KJ, Otterbach F, Schmid KW, August C, Levkau B, Hinder F (2004) Heat shock protein 72 and apoptosis indicate cardiac decompensation during early multiple organ failure in sheep. Intensive Care Med 30:1405–1413
  72. Le Berre R, Faure K, Fauvel H, Viget NB, Ader F, Prangere T, Thomas AM, Leroy X, Pittet JF, Marchetti P, Guery BP (2004) Apoptosis inhibition in P. aeruginosa-induced lung injury influences lung fluid balance. Intensive Care Med 30:1204–1211
  73. Lim CM, Kim EK, Koh Y, Kim WS, Kim DS, Kim WD (2004) Hypothermia inhibits cytokine release of alveolar macrophage and activation of nuclear factor kappaB in endotoxemic lung. Intensive Care Med 30:1638–1644
  74. Virlos I, Mazzon E, Serraino I, Genovese T, Di Paola R, Thiemerman C, Siriwardena A, Cuzzocrea S (2004) Calpain I inhibitor ameliorates the indices of disease severity in a murine model of cerulein-induced acute pancreatitis. Intensive Care Med 30:1645–1651
  75. Cuzzocrea S, Pisano B, Dugo L, Ianaro A, Britti D, Patel NS, Di Paola R, Genovese T, Di Rosa M, Caputi AP, Thiemermann C (2004) Rosiglitazone, a ligand of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma, reduces acute pancreatitis induced by cerulein. Intensive Care Med 30:951–956
  76. Cuzzocrea S, Rossi A, Serraino I, Di Paola R, Dugo L, Genovese T, Britti D, Sciarra G, De Sarro A, Caputi AP, Sautebin L (2004) Role of 5-lipoxygenase in the multiple organ failure induced by zymosan. Intensive Care Med 30:1935–1943
  77. Imperatore F, Cuzzocrea S, Luongo C, Liguori G, Scafuro A, De Angelis A, Rossi F, Caputi AP, Filippelli A (2004) Hyperbaric oxygen therapy prevents vascular derangement during zymosan-induced multiple-organ-failure syndrome. Intensive Care Med 30:1175–1181
  78. Bitterman H, Muth CM (2004) Hyperbaric oxygen in systemic inflammatory response. Intensive Care Med 30:1011–1013
  79. Jang AS, Lee JU, Choi IS, Park KO, Lee JH, Park SW, Park CS (2004) Expression of nitric oxide synthase, aquaporin 1 and aquaporin 5 in rat after bleomycin inhalation. Intensive Care Med 30:489–495
  80. Fischer LG, Freise H, Hilpert JH, Wendholt D, Lauer S, Van Aken H, Sielenkamper AW (2004) Modulation of hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction is time and nitric oxide dependent in a peritonitis model of sepsis. Intensive Care Med 30:1821–1828
  81. Nin N, Cassina A, Boggia J, Alfonso E, Botti H, Peluffo G, Trostchansky A, Batthyany C, Radi R, Rubbo H, Hurtado FJ (2004) Septic diaphragmatic dysfunction is prevented by Mn (III) porphyrin therapy and inducible nitric oxide synthase inhibition. Intensive Care Med 30:2271–2278
  82. Asfar P, Ivanyi Z, Bracht H, Hauser B, Pittner A, Vassilev D, Nalos M, Leverve XM, Bruckner UB, Radermacher P, Froba G (2004) HMR1402, a potassium ATP channel blocker during hyperdynamic porcine endotoxemia: effects on hepato-splanchnic oxygen exchange and metabolism. Intensive Care Med 30:957–964
  83. Anning PB, Finney SJ, Singh S, Winlove CP, Evans TW (2004) Fluids reverse the early lipopolysaccharide-induced albumin leakage in rodent mesenteric venules. Intensive Care Med 30:1944–1949
  84. Lehmann C, Birnbaum J, Luhrs C, Ruckbeil O, Spies C, Ziemer S, Grundling M, Pavlovic D, Usichenko T, Wendt M, Kox WJ (2004) Effects of C1 esterase inhibitor administration on intestinal functional capillary density, leukocyte adherence and mesenteric plasma extravasation during experimental endotoxemia. Intensive Care Med 30:309–314
  85. Wiel E, Pu Q, Leclerc J, Corseaux D, Bordet R, Lund N, Jude B, Vallet B (2004) Effects of the angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor perindopril on endothelial injury and hemostasis in rabbit endotoxic shock. Intensive Care Med 30:1652–1659
  86. Adolphs J, Schmidt DK, Korsukewitz I, Kamin B, Habazettl H, Schafer M, Welte M (2004) Effects of thoracic epidural anaesthesia on intestinal microvascular perfusion in a rodent model of normotensive endotoxaemia. Intensive Care Med 30:2094–2101
  87. Adolphs J, Schmidt DK, Korsukewitz I, Kamin B, Habazettl H, Schafer M, Welte M (2004) Effects of thoracic epidural anaesthesia on intestinal microvascular perfusion in a rodent model of normotensive endotoxaemia. Intensive Care Med 30:2094–2101
  88. Sielenkamper AW, Van Aken H (2004) Epidural analgesia in sepsis: too early to judge a new concept. Intensive Care Med 30:1987–1989
  89. Schortgen F, Bouadma L, Joly-Guillou ML, Ricard JD, Dreyfuss D, Saumon G (2004) Infectious and inflammatory dissemination are affected by ventilation strategy in rats with unilateral pneumonia. Intensive Care Med 30:693–701
  90. Broccard AF (2004) Challenges of mechanical ventilation in unilateral pneumonia: is PEEP the answer? Intensive Care Med 30:530–532
  91. Charles PE, Martin L, Etienne M, Croisier D, Piroth L, Lequeu C, Pugin J, Portier H, Chavanet P (2004) Influence of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) on histopathological and bacteriological aspects of pneumonia during low tidal volume mechanical ventilation. Intensive Care Med 30:2263–2270
  92. Pakulla MA, Seidel D, Obal D, Loer SA (2004) Hydrochloric acid-induced lung injury: effects of early partial liquid ventilation on survival rate, gas exchange, and pulmonary neutrophil accumulation. Intensive Care Med 30:2110–2119
  93. Krishnan RK, Meyers PA, Worwa C, Goertz R, Schauer G, Mammel MC (2004) Standardized lung recruitment during high frequency and conventional ventilation: similar pathophysiologic and inflammatory responses in an animal model of respiratory distress syndrome. Intensive Care Med 30:1195–1203
  94. Henzler D, Dembinski R, Bensberg R, Hochhausen N, Rossaint R, Kuhlen R (2004) Ventilation with biphasic positive airway pressure in experimental lung injury. Influence of transpulmonary pressure on gas exchange and haemodynamics. Intensive Care Med 30:935–943
  95. Calzia E, Bein T (2004) Breath by breath, spontaneously or mechanically supported: lessons from biphasic positive airway pressure (BIPAP). Intensive Care Med 30:744–745
  96. Lethvall S, Lindgren S, Lundin S, Stenqvist O (2004) Tracheal double-lumen ventilation attenuates hypercapnia and respiratory acidosis in lung injured pigs. Intensive Care Med 30:686–692
  97. Lindgren S, Almgren B, Hogman M, Lethvall S, Houltz E, Lundin S, Stenqvist O (2004) Effectiveness and side effects of closed and open suctioning: an experimental evaluation. Intensive Care Med 30:1630–1637
  98. Luecke T, Roth H, Herrmann P, Joachim A, Weisser G, Pelosi P, Quintel M (2004) Assessment of cardiac preload and left ventricular function under increasing levels of positive end-expiratory pressure. Intensive Care Med 30:119–126
  99. Slama M, Masson H, Teboul JL, Arnould ML, Nait-Kaoudjt R, Colas B, Peltier M, Tribouilloy C, Susic D, Frohlich E, Andrejak M (2004) Monitoring of respiratory variations of aortic blood flow velocity using esophageal Doppler. Intensive Care Med 30:1182–1187
  100. Bitzen U, Drefeldt B, Niklason L, Jonson B (2004) Dynamic elastic pressure-volume loops in healthy pigs recorded with inspiratory and expiratory sinusoidal flow modulation. Relationship to static pressure-volume loops. Intensive Care Med 30:481–488
  101. Schibler A, Hammer J, Isler R, Buess C, Newth CJ (2004) Measurement of lung volume in mechanically ventilated monkeys with an ultrasonic flow meter and the nitrogen washout method. Intensive Care Med 30:127–132
  102. Solligard E, Juel IS, Bakkelund K, Johnsen H, Saether OD, Gronbech JE, Aadahl P (2004) Gut barrier dysfunction as detected by intestinal luminal microdialysis. Intensive Care Med 30:1188–1194
    • View reference on PubMed
  103. Morgan TJ, Venkatesh B, Hall J (2004) Crystalloid strong ion difference determines metabolic acid-base change during acute normovolaemic haemodilution. Intensive Care Med 30:1432–1437
  104. Hulst RA van, Haitsma JJ, Lameris TW, Klein J, Lachmann B (2004) Hyperventilation impairs brain function in acute cerebral air embolism in pigs. Intensive Care Med 30:944–950
  105. Muth CM, Shank ES (2004) Cerebral arterial gas embolism: should we hyperventilate these patients? Intensive Care Med 30:742–743
  106. Burkhardt W, Proquitte H, Krause S, Wauer RR, Rudiger M (2004) Changes in FiO2 affect PaO2 with minor alterations in cerebral concentration of oxygenated hemoglobin during liquid ventilation in healthy piglets. Intensive Care Med 30:315–320
  107. Kocaogullar Y, Ustun ME, Avci E, Karabacakoglu A, Fossett D (2004) The role of hyperbaric oxygen in the management of subarachnoid hemorrhage. Intensive Care Med 30:141–146
  108. Trubel H, Herman P, Kampmann C, Huth R, Maciejewski PK, Novotny E, Hyder F (2004) A novel approach for selective brain cooling: implications for hypercapnia and seizure activity. Intensive Care Med 30:1829–1833
  109. Fruhwald S, Herk E, Hammer HF, Holzer P, Metzler H (2004) Differential reversal of drug-induced small bowel paralysis by cerulein and neostigmine. Intensive Care Med 30:1414–1420
  110. Asakura H, Sano Y, Yoshida T, Omote M, Ontachi Y, Mizutani T, Yamazaki M, Morishita E, Takami A, Miyamoto K, Nakao S (2004) Beneficial effect of low-molecular-weight heparin against lipopolysaccharide-induced disseminated intravascular coagulation in rats is abolished by coadministration of tranexamic acid. Intensive Care Med 30:1950–1955
  111. Haas NA, Kemke J, Schulze-Neick I, Lange PE (2004) Effect of increasing doses of magnesium in experimental pulmonary hypertension after acute pulmonary embolism. Intensive Care Med 30:2102–2109
  112. Sen S, Ytrebo LM, Rose C, Fuskevaag OM, Davies NA, Nedredal GI, Williams R, Revhaug A, Jalan R (2004) Albumin dialysis: a new therapeutic strategy for intoxication from protein-bound drugs. Intensive Care Med 30:496–501

Sign In

Connect with ICM

Top 5 Articles Editors Picks Supplement