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Accuracy of plasma neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin in the early diagnosis of contrast-induced acute kidney injury in critical illness

Xavier Valette| Benoit Savary| Marie Nowoczyn| Cédric Daubin| Véronique Pottier| Nicolas Terzi| Amélie Seguin| Sabine Fradin| Pierre Charbonneau| Jean-Luc Hanouz| Damien du Cheyron
Original
Volume 39, Issue 5 / May , 2013

Pages 857 - 865

Abstract

Purpose

Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) is a promising biomarker for acute kidney injury (AKI). We evaluated the diagnostic and prognostic accuracies of plasma NGAL (pNGAL) for contrast-induced AKI (CI-AKI) in critically ill patients.

Methods

In a prospective observational study in two adult intensive care units in a university hospital, 100 consecutive critically ill patients with stable serum creatinine concentrations up to 48 h before contrast medium (CM) injection were enrolled. Serial blood sampling for pNGAL analysis was performed at enrolment, 2, 6, and 24 h after CM injection. The primary outcome was CI-AKI, defined by AKIN criteria, within the first 72 h following CM injection. Secondary outcomes were the need for renal replacement therapy (RRT) and mortality.

Results

Of the 98 patients analyzed, 30 developed CI-AKI. The pNGAL levels did not differ in patients with or without CI-AKI, and were higher in septic patients compared to nonseptic patients, and in patients with AKI preceding CM injection. The discriminative value of pNGAL to predict CI-AKI and mortality was poor; although, it did predict the need for RRT requirement after CM injection (area under receiver-operating characteristic curve, 0.85, 0.80, 0.83 and 0.86 at H0, H2, H6 and H24, respectively).

Conclusion

CI-AKI was common in critically ill patients. pNGAL levels were higher in patients with sepsis or previous AKI, but did not help to diagnose CI-AKI any earlier than serum creatinine after CM injection. However, pNGAL could be of interest to detect patients at risk of subsequent RRT requirement.

Keywords

References

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