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Asynchrony, neural drive, ventilatory variability and COMFORT: NAVA versus pressure support in pediatric patients. A non-randomized cross-over trial

Pedro de la Oliva| Cristina Schüffelmann| Ana Gómez-Zamora| Jesus Villar| Robert M. Kacmarek
Pediatric Original
Volume 38, Issue 5 / May , 2012

Pages 838 - 846

Abstract

Purpose

To determine if neurally adjusted ventilatory assist (NAVA) improves asynchrony, ventilatory drive, breath-to-breath variability and COMFORT score when compared to pressure support (PS).

Methods

This is a non-randomized short-term cross-over trial in which 12 pediatric patients with asynchrony (auto-triggering, double triggering or non-triggered breaths) were enrolled. Four sequential 10-min periods of data were recorded after 20 min of ventilatory stabilization (wash-out) at each of the following settings: baseline PS with the ventilator settings determined by the attending physician (1-PSb); PS after optimization (2-PSopt); NAVA level set so that maximum inspiratory pressure (Pmax) equaled Pmax in PS (3-NAVA); same settings as in 2-PSopt (4-PSopt).

Results

The median asynchrony index was significantly lower during NAVA (2.0 %) than during 2-PSopt (8.5 %, p = 0.017) and 4-PSopt (7.5 %, p = 0.008). In NAVA mode, the NAVA trigger accounted on average for 66 % of triggered breaths. The median trigger delay with respect to neural inspiratory time was significantly lower during NAVA (8.6 %) than during 2-PSopt (25.2 %, p = 0.003) and 4-PSopt (28.2 %, p = 0.0005). The median electrical activity of the diaphragm (EAdi) change during trigger delay normalized to maximum inspiratory EAdi difference was significantly lower during NAVA (5.3 %) than during 2-PSopt (21.7 %, p = 0.0005) and 4-PSopt (24.6 %, p = 0.001). The coefficient of variation of tidal volume was significantly higher during NAVA (44.2 %) than during 2-PSopt (19.8 %, p = 0.0002) and 4-PSopt (23.0 %, p = 0.0005). The median COMFORT score during NAVA (15.0) was lower than that during 2-PSopt (18.0, p = 0.0125) and 4-PSopt (17.5, p = 0.039). No significant changes for any variable were observed between 1-PSb and 2-PSopt.

Conclusions

Neurally adjusted ventilatory assist as compared to optimized PS results in improved synchrony, reduced ventilatory drive, increased breath-to-breath mechanical variability and improved patient comfort.

Keywords

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