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Socioeconomic status, severity of disease and level of family members’ care in adult surgical intensive care patients: the prospective ECSSTASI studyOpen access

Thomas Bein| Kathrin Hackner| Tianya Zou| Sybille Schultes| Teresa Bösch| Hans Jürgen Schlitt| Bernhard M. Graf| Matthias Olden| Michael Leitzmann
Original
Volume 38, Issue 4 / April , 2012

Pages 612 - 619

Abstract

Background

Low socioeconomic status (SES) is associated with increased mortality from cardiovascular disease, cancer and trauma. However, individual-level prospective data on SES in relation to health outcomes among critically ill patients admitted to intensive care units (ICU) are unavailable.

Methods

In a cohort of 1,006 patients at a 24-bed surgical ICU of an academic tertiary care facility in Germany, we examined levels of SES in relation to disease severity at admission, time period of mechanical ventilation, length of stay and frequency of phone calls and visits by next-of-kin.

Findings

Patients with low SES had higher risk for Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score greater or equal to 5 [multivariate-adjusted odds ratio (OR) 1.49; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.95–2.33; p = 0.029] and a trend for higher risk for Simplified Acute Physiology Score (SAPS II) greater or equal to 31 (OR 1.28; 95% CI 0.80–2.05; p = 0.086) at admission as compared with patients with high SES. When compared with men with high SES, those with low SES had greater risk for ICU treatment ≥5 days (multivariate-adjusted OR 1.99; 95% CI 1.06–3.74; p = 0.036) and showed a trend for a low number of visits from next-of-kin (<0.5 visits per day) (OR 1.85; 95% CI 0.79–4.30; p = 0.054). In women such associations could not be demonstrated.

Interpretation

Socioeconomic status is inversely related to severity of disease at admission and to length of stay in ICU, and positively associated with the level of care by next-of-kin. Whether relations differ by gender requires further examination.

Keywords

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